Women’s policy generates the only disagreements in Congress, albeit with a final agreement to ban prostitution and defend “trans law.”

The PSOE buried five years of internal division in Valencia on Saturday, the opening day of its 40th Congress. The embrace between Pedro Sánchez and Felipe González, one of its biggest critics within the party, symbolized the closing of the open wounds and the reconciliation of the current leaders with the past of the organization.

The Social Democrats leave their Congress calmer since 2008 reaffirming their Social Democratic principles, which are now adding the labels green and feminist, two of the axes that have monopolized the debates of the Socialist delegates. In the tradition of social democracy, the von Sánchez party advocates a tax reform that, without affecting the pockets of the middle class, contributes to “tax justice” and increased state revenue. Feminist demands were almost the only controversial issue in the conclave.

These are the great programmatic lines approved by the Socialists.
Without a doubt about the State model. The debate between monarchy and republic is a classic of all PSOE congresses and that should not be the exception. And less with the socialists in the government. As proof of this, the greeting that runs in La Moncloa: “Health and parliamentary monarchy” is a variant of “Health and the Republic”.

Congress to congress, the PSOE defends the constitution. This party respects the 1978 Constitutional Pact, of which we were guarantors and guarantors every day, ”said Deputy Secretary-General Adriana Lastra at the inauguration of the conclave.
Ferraz, where there has been concern about social unrest, multiplied in its ranks by the King Emeritus’ tax scandals, has ensured that the anger against Juan Carlos I do not get out of control as it did in 2017. So a proposal from the Socialist Youth in favor of the republic received the necessary support in commission. Sánchez’s team had to be used thoroughly to reduce its content and prevent the type of state from being discussed in full by the thousand delegates in Congress.

Ultimately, he was left with strengthening the party’s “republican values”. The future political project of the PSOE does not arise from there and recognizes in a “prominent place the republican values ​​of equality and brotherhood.” It is proposed to deepen the “transparency and accountability” of all state institutions, including the royal family. A step forward, the Socialists stand out, with that of Felipe VI. coincidences of expressed will.

Strengthening the multilateralism of the autonomous state. The PSOE does not renounce its demand for a federal Spain as the best antidote to the territorial conflicts that have been taking place for decades, whose epicenter is in Catalonia. But the Social Democrats now start from the impossibility of constitutional reform, for which the PP is necessary: ​​”It will only be possible through the consensus of all Spanish society, including the political forces.” The socialist political project for the next few years definitely leaves behind the concept of a “plurinational” Spain, which Sánchez propagated when he resumed Ferraz in 2017 and commits himself from the moderate position granted him by the government, during the pandemic via co-governance out. and improve cooperation between the different public administrations: “Spain needs institutions at various levels that promote and strengthen multilateralism, in which the different levels of government can work together and resolve conflicts with clear and transparent work rules.” Meanwhile, the PSOE reaffirms the need for a modification of the Basic Law to strengthen the welfare state, develop the autonomous state in a federal sense, expand rights and freedoms, and include Europe in the constitutional text.
As part of the strategy to strengthen territorial cohesion, the Social Democrats are determined to deconcentrate the headquarters of various organizations grouped in Madrid based on their total or partial relocation in different cities of the country. The government manages the ability to relocate some government agencies and second levels of administration. The presentation also prioritizes the transfer of competencies and resources from the autonomous communities to the town councils. “It is decentralization that has been pending for more than 30 years. It is time to ask the local level to take over the responsibilities of the local supply programs and services together with the corresponding financing ”, says the presentation, which response to the demands of various mayors and the difficulties they have encountered, citing as an example. to do against the covid.
Progressive taxation and tax harmonization. The government, which is still awaiting the opinion of the tax experts that it is entrusted within early 2022, intends to carry out a far-reaching tax reform for the rest of the term, “without overburdening the middle class and improving justice. fiscal”. . The presentation confirms the commitment to “rebuild” a progressive tax system that “contributes directly to the redistribution of income.” Sánchez preaches the same in international forums as in Spain: the end of tax competition between territories, whether between EU member states or between autonomous communities. The agreement that the OECD signed with 136 countries to set a global minimum tax of 15% for multinational companies is in line with La Moncloa’s thesis. And they mark the path that the PSOE intends to mark for the taxes assigned to the autonomies. The goal is to end the competition. It is, although it is not mentioned in the presentation, with the exception of Madrid, the only municipality that does not collect inheritance tax and offers a 99% discount on inheritances and donations. The socialist communities, as well as those of the PP in private, have been complaining for years about the fiscal policy promoted by Esperanza Aguirre and now by Isabel Díaz Ayuso. “Socialists must rethink wealth taxation through a harmonization process,” said the presentation, which “should go hand in hand with reviewing the treatment of capital income in income tax to ensure adequate taxation of capital. higher-income taxpayers and “large assets”.
The PSOE also defends the introduction of taxes that counteract polluting habits, but warns that efforts to electrify mobility, renew the energy sector or increase energy efficiency “can make a contribution if there is no socialist approach to these debates gives (…) they undermine social and territorial cohesion ”. For this reason, “it is firmly committed to an urgent agenda to combat climate change that addresses the distributional risks that it could cause.”
A fair and green transition. The Social Democrats have formally defined themselves as an environmentalist and feminist organization in this congress. “The PSOE has a red heart, but also green because it believes that it is important to transform the current reality into another reality; much fairer, much fairer ”, demanded the third vice president of the Government and Minister of Ecological Change, Teresa Ribera, in Valencia. Faced with the “absolute irresponsibility” of Mariano Rajoy, according to the socialists

The PSOE has promised to make the necessary efforts for this legislature to pass a comprehensive law to abolish prostitution. The sources consulted have stressed that this requires a complete legal framework, that is, it does not depend on a single law. An example would be municipal ordinances as complementary measures to the regulations that Congress should implement. The debate over the abolition of prostitution is not new. It appeared for the first time in the resolutions of a PSOE congress in 1976. “I trust that this is the Congress that will definitely open the door to this abolition and to the end of this slavery and historical domination that prostitution has meant. “, Former President José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero has appealed in his speech this Saturday. In the presentation, the PSOE also suggests “seeing human trafficking as a legitimate reason to request asylum in our country”, as is the case of persecution for reasons of gender, sexual orientation, or sexist violence.
Increase in guarantees for the primaries. The secretary-general of the PSOE recognized the support for the militancy, the key to his return to Ferraz, and the presentation considers that this process “has made significant progress in strengthening the militancy.” Although the party continues to recognize the militants as “the base of all” their advances, it has decided to increase the number of minimum guarantees to present themselves to the internal processes.

To formalize a candidacy, it was previously necessary to receive 1% of the guarantees at the federal level, 2% to apply to an autonomous association, and 3% to apply to the federal states. These percentages increase to 3%, 6%, and 12%, respectively. Following the example of the party, former president Felipe González left a message in his speech on Saturday asking for the right to freedom of expression for the militancy.


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